Mark Twain and Depression

Mark Twain, the pen name of Samuel Langhorne Clemens, went through a period of deep depression beginning in 1896 with the death of his daughter Susy from meningitis. His depression continued following the death of his wife Olivia in 1904 and daughter Jean in 1909. During Mark Twain's period of depression his writing became darker.

Fast Facts:

  • Mark Twain got some relief from his depression from encouraging his friends in their literary and artistic interests.
  • In 1906, during his depression, he began his autobiography in the North American Review.
  • Some believe that Mark Twain may have had bipolar disorder.
  • Mark Twain died on April 21, 1910 at the age of 74, four months after Jean's death.