Herpes simplex is a viral disease caused by Herpes simplex viruses (HSV type 1 and HSV type 2). HSV-1 (herpes labialis) was once defined almost exclusively as oral herpes and HSV-2 (herpes genitalis) as genital herpes. It is now accepted that the previous rule of thumb: "HSV-1 above the waist and HSV-2 below the waist" no longer applies due to several factors including the changing of sexual mores and the declining adolescent HSV-1 infection rate in developed nations. Infection with the herpes virus is categorized into one of several distinct disorders based on the site of infection. ...read more from Wikipedia
- Herpes is most easily transmitted by direct contact with a lesion or the body fluid of an infected individual, when shedding the virus.
- Herpes viruses cycle between periods of active disease-presenting as blisters containing infectious virus particles-that last 2-21 days, followed by a remission period, during which the sores disappear.
- There is no treatment that can eradicate any of the herpes viruses from the body.
- There are antiviral medications for controlling outbreaks, such as Zovirax, Valtrex, and Famvir.