Patients with diabetes can still be active in sports. Exercise is actually recommended to help control diabetes, as it helps the body to use insulin while burning calories and building muscle. It is important, though, for those who suffer from diabetes to test their blood sugar before, during, and after participating in sports. Strenuous exercise and sports activity can dramatically lower blood sugar and it is important to maintain a healthy insulin level.
- If blood sugar is below 70, a snack should be consumed before beginning to exercise or participate in a sport.
- Coaches and teammates should be informed that a player is diabetic and know what to do should hypoglycemia or hyperglycemia occur.
- If the sporting activity lasts longer than one hour, diabetic patients should plan to have a snack during a break in order to keep blood sugar levels in an acceptable range.