Bipolar 1 Characteristics
Bipolar 1 is a mood disorder characterized by one or more episodes of mania. A diagnosis does not require an episode of depression, but people with bipolar 1 will often experience these episodes as well. Bipolar 1 differs from bipolar 2 in that people with bipolar 2 experience hypomanic episodes and have had at least one episode of depression.
- Episodes of mania are characterized by feelings of euphoria, racing thoughts, impulsive behavior, decreased judgment, overly high self esteem, and extreme optimism.
- Hypomania, on the other hand, generally does not last as long as mania, includes less severe but similar symptoms, and does not interfere with an everyday routine.
- Bipolar 1 can be diagnosed with just one episode of mania, while a bipolar 2 diagnosis requires both episodes of hypomania and depression.
- Symptoms of mania caused by drugs, medications, or other conditions are not indicative of bipolar 1.