A history of atherosclerosis puts a person at higher risk of a heart attack. Atherosclerosis is a buildup of plaque in the arteries of the heart. Plaque buildup is often caused by fat substances and calcium hardening in the walls of the arteries and restricting the flow of blood. High cholesterol, smoking, high blood pressure, and diabetes put patients at a greater risk of developing this disease and possibly having a heart attack. Diet, exercise, and an overall healthy lifestyle can help prevent atherosclerosis.
- Atherosclerosis is also referred to as hardening of the arteries.
- Men have a higher risk of developing atherosclerosis than women.
- Women experience different heart attack warning signs than men.